Gynecomastia (enlarged breasts in men)

Gynecomastia is a benign enlargement of the male breast (usually bilateral but sometimes unilateral) resulting from a proliferation of the glandular component of the breast. It is defined clinically by the presence of a rubbery or firm mass extending concentrically from the nipples. Gynecomastia should be differentiated from pseudogynecomastia (lipomastia), which is characterized by fat deposition without glandular proliferation.

Generally, gynecomastia isn’t a serious problem, but it can be tough to cope with the condition. Men and boys with gynecomastia sometimes have pain in their breasts and may feel embarrassed.

Gynecomastia may go away on its own. If it persists, surgery may help.

  • Liposuction This surgery is done through a tiny hole and removes breast fat, but not the breast gland tissue itself.
  • Mastectomy This type of surgery removes the breast gland tissue through a very small incision around the edge of areola.